Copper Oxide Device

Everything has already been tested in the past.

Nowadays we can make smaller devices, we must investigate new solutions at 0.00013 millimeters (130nm).

130nm technology was discovered in 1984 and was generaly available in year 2000. You can submit your open source design to Open MPW and maybe get it built for free.

Electronic rectifiers and PNP transistors can be made out of Cuprous Oxide (Cu2O).

In 2020 Field Effect Transitor has been fabricated by a team in Slovakia using Cupric Oxide (CuO) by sol-gel method on a silicon substrate.

Transfer characteristcs of the FET


Layers of metal and silicon

The substrate is a silicon wafer with 50nm silicon dioxide.

Copper (copper (II) acetate hydrate + ethanolamine) layer was deposited by spin-coating technic on the wafer and then annealed at 500°C for 1 hour to obtain cupric oxide.

50nm thick drain and source electrodes have been deposited by vacuum thermal evaporation of gold or aluminium.

The FET has a channel width of 2.5mm and a length of 100nm.


4 different layer structures to create a FET transistor


Links to references

Homemade 1000+ transistor array chip

In situ one-step synthesis of p-type copper oxide for low-temperature, solution-processed thin-film transistors

Solution-processed inorganic p-channel transistors: Recent advances and perspectives

Micromask Lithography for Cheap and Fast 2D Materials Microstructures Fabrication

Cu2O thin films for p-type metal oxide thin film transistors

Fabrication and characterization of CuO/ZnO solar cells

Toward Solar Fuels: Photocatalytic Conversion of Carbon Dioxide to Hydrocarbons

The work function of gold

Work function measurements on (100), (110) and (111) surfaces of aluminium

Electrical properties of amorphous aluminum oxide thin films

Instruments of Amplification


Simple Homemade Photocell

The Road to the Transistor

Transistors theory and Applications

metallic rectifiers and crystal diodes

Transistors: A Self Instructional Programed Manual

handbook of semiconductor electronics


Industrial Electronics and Control

Fundamentals of Transistors

A Manual of Vacuum Practice

How to Build a Solar Cell That Really Works

Transistor Theory and Circuits Made Simple

Basic Transistors

Electronic semiconductors

Semiconductor Circuit Elements


The Science and Engineering of Microelectronic Fabrication

Introduction to Microelectronic Fabrication: Volume 5 (Modular Series on Solid State Devices)

Silicon VLSI Technology: Fundamentals, Practice and Modeling

CMOS: Circuit Design, Layout, and Simulation

Water-Soluble Copper Ink for the Inkjet Fabrication of Flexible Electronic Components

Inkjet printed electronics using copper nanoparticle ink

Printed Electronic Materials

Advanced Materials for Printed Flexible Electronics

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